Macau Ricci Newsletter 16
No. 16 － January 2011Commemorating the 400th Anniversary of the Passing of Matteo Ricci
On the 7 August last year, the anniversary of Matteo Ricci’s arrival in Macau (428 years earlier) was marked by the unveiling of the bronze statue of Fr Ricci which took place at the site of St Paul’s College to commemorate the 400th year after his passing. Standing next to the façade of the ruined collegiate church, a well-known landmark in Macau, the statue was jointly erected by the Macau Museum of Art, the Society of Jesus and the Cultural Affairs Bureau. The ceremony was presided over by the Bishop D. José Lai, the Provincial of the Chinese Province of the Society of Jesus, Fr Louis Gendron, the Acting Administrative Committee Chairman of the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau, Mr Lei Wai Nong, the President of the Marche Region of Italy, Mr Gian Mario Spacca, and the Consul General of Italy, Ms Alessandra Schiavo.
At 3.00 p.m., the official opening for the Exhibition entitled “The Master from the West—An Exhibition Commemorating the 400th Anniversary of the Passing of Matteo Ricci” was held at the Macau Art Museum. The honorable guests at the ribbon cutting ceremony were Dr Fernando Chui Sai On, Chief Executive of Macau SAR, Dr Florinda Chan, Secretary for Administration and Justice of Macau SAR, Mr Gian Mario Spacca, President of Marche Region of Italy, Mr Lei Wai Nong, Acting Administrative Committee Chairman of the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau, Mr Ding Hui, Vice Director of Culture Dept. of Liaoning Province, D. José Lai, Bishop of Macau Diocese, Dr Wu Zhiliang, President of the Macau Foundation, Fr Artur Wardega, Director of the MRI, Mr He Guoheng, Director of Ho Chang-Shih Calligraphic Arts Foundation-Taiwan, Ms Alessandra Schiavo, Consul General of Italy in Hong Kong and Macau, Prof. Filippo Mignini, curator of the exhibition. Over 180 cultural and artistic artifacts covering fine arts, crafts, architecture, science, music, publications, maps, and calligraphy by Ricci’s Chinese friends, as well as Catholic relics from Italy, Mainland China, Taiwan and Macau. To animate the opening ceremony, there was also a musical performance by the Perosi choir, conducted by the Jesuit scholastic Luca Uggias who had composed all the songs performed, including “Missa Sacri Cordis” and “Salve Regina”. Due to the popularity of the exhibition, the closing date was postponed to 7 November, seven days later than originally envisaged.
To celebrate the 400th year of Matteo Ricci’s birth as well as the tenth year of the MRI, a special and meaningful gathering was held at the Conference Room of our Institute at noon on 13 September, followed by a lunch at the restaurant of the Institute for Tourism Studies. The MRI Management Committee presided at the gathering with the Superior of the Jesuit Community, Fr Howard Lui, as the special guest and with the presence of all researchers and staff of the Institute.On 29 October, Dr Giorgio Napolitano, President of the Republic of Italy, paid a brief visit to the Matteo Ricci Exhibition at the Macau Art Museum. He was accompanied by his spouse, together with Dr Florinda Chan, Secretary for Administration and Justice of the Macau SAR, Mr Gian Mario Spacca, President of Marche Region of Italy, Mr Lei Wai Nong, Acting Administration Committee Chairman of the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau, Fr Artur Wardega and Fr Luís Sequeira, Director and Vice-Director of the MRI, Ms Alessandra Schiavo, Consul General of Italy in Hong Kong and Macau, Prof. Filippo Mignini, Curator of the exhibition, Dr Chan Hou Seng, the curator of the Macau Art Museum, etc.
On 17 June, our Institute held a Forum entitled “Rock Carvings in Hong Kong, Macau and the Region—Description, Dating, Interpretation, Conservation” with Prof. William Meacham as our invited guest speaker. Prof. Meacham is an archaeologist who has been affiliated with the University of Hong Kong since 1980. He made an excellent and dynamic presentation of the topic.
Our 2010 International Symposium, in commemoration of the fourth centenary of the death of Matteo Ricci, SJ, “Acta Pekinensia: Western Historical Sources for the Kangxi Reign”, was held 5-7 October in the Conference Room of the Macau Cultural Centre.
In the afternoon of the last day of the symposium, Prof. Paul Rule chaired the final panel with Professors Paolo Aranha, Michele Fatica, Jin Guoping, Anthony Lam, António de Saldanha, and the MRI Director, Fr Artur Wardega, all of them giving their final comments. At the end, Fr Wardega made a concluding speech thanking all the scholars and speakers for their participation in our 2010 symposium.After the conclusion of our symposium programme, the participants attended a dinner at the Macau Tower courtesy of the Government Tourism Department.
神州交流 ― Chinese Cross Currents (CCC)
The 2010 World Expo at Shanghai, one of the major events in China this year, is widely discussed in the July 2010 issue (7.3) of CCC. The first article of the “World” section, by Wei Chuxiong of the University of Macau, deals first of all with the question, “why Shanghai?” It is common knowledge that it was the result of century-long expectations. As Old Shanghai has evolved into New Shanghai in the city’s recent history, it has been transformed into an ideal site for meeting the world. The second article, by Yuki Ooi of Nazan University in Japan, narrates with great detail how China participated in the “World’s Columbian Exposition” of 1893 in Chicago: this came about not by an official imperial delegation but through the private initiative of some Chinese immigrants in Chicago who wanted to assert their ‘Chinese’ identity in their new home. The Society section of the issue starts with the Expo’s motto “Better City, Better Life”. Two other articles offer some reflections on the significance of the world population of city dwellers exceeding that of rural people for the future of the global community.Another major event of the year was the football World Cup hosted in South Africa, the first time this happened on the continent of Africa. Both events are perhaps signs of the time: as this world becomes more and more interconnected, it is understandable that new configurations are taking form. News media reflect them and, in this case, the new relations between China and African countries. In the “World” section, V. Maurice Gountin, of the Chinese Cultural Centre in the Republic of Benin, first presents an analysis of the important role played by the Republic of South Africa in the recent history of the continent; this is followed by an article by Mundele Beya Wa Beya, a Ph.D. candidate in world economics at Beijing University, who examines the relations of Africa with China and their future challenges. Matteo Ricci’s death 400 years ago receives further attention in the “History & Culture” section with an exploration of a less-known aspect of his life, his training as a lawyer, which may have helped him to face and solve, with prudent patience, not a few difficulties along the quite twisted road that led him from Zhaoqing to Beijing. Thierry Meynard of Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou presents two different and contrasting cases among contemporary scholars about the reception of his legacy in present-day China.
On 12 June, Fr Artur Wardega went to Zurich in Switzerland to participate in a symposium entitled “Europe in China—China in Europe: Science and Technology as a Vehicle of Intercultural Dialogue”, held on 14–15 June at the University of Zurich, and organized by the Bodensee-Institut für interkulturelle Bildung und Zusammenarbeit. Fr Wardega was received at the airport by Prof. Alois Osterwalder, the coordinator of the symposium. Then he met with Fr Kurmann, the Swiss Procurator, who has put our Matteo Ricci booklets in most Catholic bookshops in the town. The Jesuit Swiss Province presented Fr Wardega with six books for the MRI library as well as bookmarks with Matteo Ricci.
The symposium started with a welcome address by Robert Gassmann, professor emeritus of the University of Zurich, and the keynote address by Prof. Benjamin Elman of Princeton University. Although it was a high-level academic symposium, only two papers were related to the mission and life of Matteo Ricci. One by Prof. Michela Fontana was entitled “Matteo Ricci, a pioneer of cross-cultural understanding”, and the other was by Fr Wardega and entitled “From Macao to Beijing (1582/3–1610)—Matteo Ricci and the Jesuit enterprise in China: Portrait of a Jesuit”.
The commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the passing of Fr Matteo Ricci was widely publicised in numerous magazines from different countries in five languages (English, French, Italian, Spanish and Chinese). There was also an exhibition at the State University in Zurich, supported by the Swiss Jesuit Province, especially by Fr Toni Kurmann, SJ.
After the Symposium, Fr Wardega was also invited to join two trips, one to Zug (birthplace of the Swiss Jesuit and China missionary Franz Ludwig Stadlin, SJ) and another to Fribourg (a place with a connection to Nikolaus Fiva, SJ ), on 16 June and 17 June respectively. He had a meeting with Prof. Yu Sanle from Beijing who was working on the updated version of his Zhalan Cemetery catalogue. Fr Wardega also met with Prof. Marielle de Dardel and discussed an exchange programme with the University of Fribourg.
On 19 July Mr Jerónimo Hung was invited by Ms Maria Lee Weiling, a Hong Kong writer, to attend the launch ceremony of the book entitled “利瑪竇在中國” (Matteo Ricci in China), written by Ms Lee and annotated by Prof. Lau Chi-pang of Lingnan University in Hong Kong. The ceremony was held at the Commercial Press (HK) in Hong Kong. Several speeches were given and Italian songs were performed by a couple of Italian sopranos to mark the event.
On 25 August, Mr Jerónimo Hung attended a seminar organized by IGM Services Ltd, entitled “Library Automation and Ebooks Trend of Development Seminar”, held at the Institute for Tourism Studies. The main topics of the speakers were: a) How to assist readers to use electronic resources and the Internet effectively; b) Special introduction of the Radio Frequency Identification System technique for library usage and development; c) Special introduction of new trends and development in ebooks.
As a sign of inter-institutional cooperation, on July 26 Fr Wardega was invited by the International Institute of Macau to join the jury for the of seven members including Dr José Mario Teixeira (Instituto International de Macau), Dr José Sales Marques (Institute of European Studies of Macau), Dr Paulo Cheang Kun Wai (Fundo para Desenvolvimento das Ciências e da Tecnologia da RAEM), and Professors Maria A.N. Espadinha, Ben U Seng-Pan and Mak Kai Meng, all from the University of Macau.
Organized by the Macau Art Museum, the first seminar related to the Matteo Ricci Exhibition was held at the MAM auditorium on 18 September in Mandarin Chinese. Our Assistant Researcher Dr Liu Jingjing was invited to be the speaker and her topic was “Late Ming Buddhism in the Eyes of Matteo Ricci: His Keen Observation and Careful Retention”. It started with a brief introduction by Ms Weng Chiao of the MAM after which Dr Liu made a detailed PowerPoint presentation of the topic.
On 25 September, a second seminar was held in the same auditorium in English. Dr César Guillén Nuñez, Senior Researcher of our Institute was invited as speaker and his topic was “West Meets East: The Portrait of Matteo Ricci”. In his detailed presentation Dr Guillén Nuñez compared the Ricci portrait by Manuel Pereira (aka You Wenhui) to contemporary Chinese literati portraits and ancestral portraits. There were pauses for Cantonese interpretation.
Our Assistant Researcher, Dr Liu Jingjing participated in “The First National Conference on Xue Fengzuo’s Scholarly Thought”, held 29–31 October at Zibo, Shandong province. She presented a paper on Polish Jesuit Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki’s teaching materials in astronomy and mathematics, his experiences in China with his Chinese student, Xue Fengzuo’s contributions, as well as the intercultural encounter between Chinese traditional science and modern Western science.
On 27 November Fr Wardega was invited to take part at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for the inauguration of over ninety oil paintings of Macau, held at the special exhibition gallery of the Macau Art Museum. The paintings were borrowed from the Diocese of Macau, St Joseph’s Seminary and the private collectors Zhaowei Fu, Liangyu Hui and So Kam Leung.
On 14 December, a meeting was arranged at the University of Macau between the Delegation of University of Artois in Arras and representatives of UMAC. The French delegation was composed of Prof. Ioannis Karamanos, Vice President for International Relations, University of Artois, Prof. Jin Siyan, Director of Chinese Studies and the Confucius Institute at the University of Artois, Fr Artur Wardega, Director of MRI, and Mr Albert Wong, Academic Assistant at MRI. The UMAC representatives were Prof. Rui Martins, Vice Rector, Prof. Hao Yufan, Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Prof. Xu Jie, Associate Dean of FSH, Ms Grace Chau, Ms Annie Chan and Ms Carol Wong. The objective of the meeting was to discuss general cooperation between the two Universities, and the discussions were quite fruitful for all parties concerned.
In the afternoon, Prof. Karamanos and Prof. Jin paid a visit to our Institute. Fr Luís Sequeira and Fr Wardega gave them a warm welcome and introduced our Institute to the visitors by a PowerPoint presentation. It was a good follow-up to the mutual cooperation between our Institute and the University of Artois.In the evening, Fr Wardega went to Hong Kong together with Prof. Karamanos and Prof. Jin to meet with Ms Qi Gan, the director of the Chinese University Press, Bei Dao, Professor of Humanities at the CUHK-Centre for East Asian Studies and Prof. Gregory Lee, Dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong. The objective was to establish links and to discuss eventual academic collaboration between the institutions involved in the meeting.
On 8 June, Fr Philip Chmielewski, SJ, from Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles came to visit our Institute. He is now teaching engineering ethics at the University of Hong Kong. The purpose of his visit was to gain a better understanding of the MRI. Fr Artur Wardega received him and introduced to him our main activities and objectives in the past, as well as our plans for the future in the cultural and academic fields.
On 1 July, Prof. Julia Maria Schiavone Camacho from the University of Texas at El Paso came to visit our Institute. Dr César Guillén Nuñez received her and had a long conversation with her. The current research field of Prof. Schiavone Camacho is the Latin American Chinese in Macau.
Ms Alessandra Schiavo, Consul General of Italy in Hong Kong and Macau, and Mr Luca Fraticelli, the Deputy Consul General, visited our Institute on 8 July. Fr Wardega and Mr Hung gave them a warm welcome and introduced our Institute as well as our publications of the past few years. On 14 July, Mr Giannandrea Mangiavacchi, consular officer of the Consulate General of Italy in Hong Kong residing in Macau, paid a visit to our Institute. Mr Hung gave him a brief introduction to the Institute as well as to our library.
On 9 July, Pan Feng-Chuan, Assistant Professor of the Graduate Institute of International Sinology Studies, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, and Mr Jiang Rixin from Legein Semi-Annual Journal, visited our Institute. Fr Wardega received them and, after giving them a short introduction to the MRI, offered several publications by our Institute including the latest issue (7.2) of our quarterly magazine Chinese Cross Currents, and the books Portrait of a Jesuit: Matteo Ricci and Guide to Buddhist Temples of China, Culture, Art, Religion: Wu Li (1632-1718) and His Inner Journey (MRIS-3), Culture, Law and Order: Chinese and Western Traditions (MRIS-4) and History and Memory: Present Reflections on the Past to Build Our Future (MRIS-5). On 12 July our Institute also sent to Prof. Pan a full set of Chinese Cross Currents as a gift to their library.
On 21 July, Dr Jonathan Noble and Mr David M. Morrissey from the University of Notre Dame, visited our Institute. Dr Noble is Advisor, Asia Initiatives of the Office of the Provost, and Mr Morrissey is Assistant Vice President of the Office of University Relations. The purpose of the visit was to know better Macau Ricci Institute as well as to trace the eventuality for any academic collaboration with our Institute. Fr Wardega made a PowerPoint presentation of MRI, and the visitors were pleased to learn of our Institute’s scholarly activities, publications, and resources in the past ten years. In an email message received on 22 July, Dr Noble thanked us for the books he had received, as well as for our hospitality, and and expressed a hope that there would be future opportunities for sharing and collaboration.
On 29 July, four Jesuit scholastics visited our Institute. They were Sung Jae Cho (South Korea), Kamil Krzysztof Boberek (Poland), Rubil Martin Kurian Mampuzhackal and Kuriakdse Vellaringattu (India), who were in their second year in the Regency Programme, and heading to the Beijing Centre for Chinese Studies for one year of Chinese studies. Fr Wardega gave them a PowerPoint presentation of our Institute before Mr Hung gave a brief introduction to our library.
In connection with the study tour following in Matteo Ricci’s footsteps during the period 20–30 August, three participants visited our Institute. They were Prof. Dong Shaoxin of Fudan University in Shanghai, Prof. Wu Liwei of Renmin University in Beijing, and Prof. Hsu Kuang-Tai of Tsinghwa University in Taiwan, as well as the latter’s wife (also of Tsinghwa University). On behalf of the MRI management, Mr Hung gave them a warm reception and Dr Liu Jingjing made a PowerPoint presentation of our Institute. Later on, Dr César Guillén Nuñez guided them to the Ruins of Saint Paul‘s where another brief presentation was given to the visitors. The group left Macau on 22 August for Zhaoqing, their second stop, where other members were to join, including Fr Thierry Meynard (Sun Yat-sen University) and Prof. Xiao Qinghe (Shanghai University).
On 25 August, Fr Roderick O’Brien from Salisbury, Australia, visited our Institute. Following a conversation with Fr Yves Camus, Fr O’Brien asked if our Institute could provide him with twelve copies in English and twelve in Chinese of our booklet Portrait of a Jesuit: Matteo Ricci. His intention is to offer them as individual gifts to priests and seminarians from China who are studying in Australia, as well as to Catholic friends, in the hope that they will come to admire Fr Matteo Ricci as much as Fr O’Brien does himself. The MRI management has considered and approved his request.
On 30 August, Dr Luís Raposo and his wife Dr Aida Raposo, Instituto Confucio de Lisboa, visited our Institute. Dr Raposo is a retired lawyer and is now studying Chinese language (Mandarin). As he has previously had some Jesuit education and was passing through Macau, he wished to find some information about Portuguese Jesuit history in this territory and also in Tibet. Fr Wardega talked to the couple and offered to them our latest issue of CCC (7.3), the Portrait of a Jesuit: Matteo Ricci booklet and the Guide to Buddhist Temples of China.
On 15 September, a French group of twenty-five visitors led by the head of the Paris Ricci Institute, Dr Michel Cartier, paid a visit to the MRI. Fr Wardega and Fr Sequeira welcomed them warmly and gave a PowerPoint presentation of our Institute in French. It was their first visit to Macau, and they subsequently followed in Ricci’s footsteps travelling to Beijing on the occasion of the Ricci commemoration year.
On 27 September, the MRI received a group of fifteen German journalists and Catholic programme directors. Fr Wardega, together with Mr Albert Wong, gave them a warm welcome and introduced them to the work of our Institute by our PowerPoint presentation. The group was very interested in the achievements and development of the Institute during the last ten years. They raised many questions related to our plans for the future as well as to our academic contacts with institutions in China and abroad. They will pass on information about our Institute through their European channels and help to facilitate contacts and exchange with German and West European institutions. Fr Wardega was also asked to give an interview to the German Section of Vatican Radio. The visit lasted about one and half hours and was highly appreciated by the German group and their coordinator Fr John Lihua, SJ.
On 21 October, Dr Maria C. Krane, Executive Director of International Programs at Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska, visited our Institute. Fr Wardega, together with Mr Hung and Mr Wong, gave her a warm welcome. The objective of the visit was to promote the University and their international programmes including scholarships and other academic support. Mr Wong gave a PowerPoint presentation to Dr Krane, who was impressed with the activities and achievements of our Institute.
On 22 October, Fr Jorge Carlos Beneito Mora, SJ, visited our Institute, including our library. He works in Peru and his research field is philosophy/technology. Mr Hung introduced the facilities and books and journals of our library to Fr Mora, who was impressed with its high quality and the valuable collections available to researchers and scholars.
On 5 November, Ms Rosalien van der Poel, a researcher from Leiden University in the Netherlands, paid a visit to Dr César Guillén Nuñez. Her research field is China trade and export art of the nineteenth century. She had a long conversation with Dr Guillén Nuñez, who provided her with materials for her research.
On 16 November, Prof. Victor F.S. Sit, Director of the Advanced Institute for Contemporary China Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, together with his two associates, visited our Institute. A warm reception was given to the visitors by Fr Wardega, together with Mr Wong who introduced our Institute in a PowerPoint presentation. The objective of the visit was to establish relations between our two Institutes as well as to discuss the possibility of mutual academic collaboration.
On 7 June, Mr Duilio Giammaria, Foreign Affairs Correspondent of the Italian public service broadcaster RAI, and his cameraman came to interview Fr Artur Wardega, Director of the MRI. Because of the year 2010 being the 400th year after the death of Matteo Ricci, they came to Macau to collect information for a programme on Ricci’s stay in Macau, to be broadcast later.
In Macau magazine (Portuguese edition, ser. 4, no. 19) is a detailed report by Ms Isabel Castro about the biography and chronology of Matteo Ricci, specially his time spent in Mainland China as he made his progress from Macau to Beijing. The report also included interviews with both Fr Wardega and Dr César Guillén Nuñez.
The magazine Flame—Jesuits and Friends in Asia Pacific Today (July 2010) carried a long report about Matteo Ricci’s life and the history of the Jesuits missions in the Asia-Pacific Region in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Ricci’s example has influenced Jesuit approaches to missionary activities, among them being the Ricci Institutes. The report also contained some reflections by Fr Wardega about MRI activities, including our international symposia and conferences engaging in interreligious and intercultural dialogue with China, and recalling the role that Macau has had in introducing so many Jesuits, Matteo Ricci among them, to the Chinese world. Fr Wardega also took up Ricci’s own mission and his endeavour to enter the rich Chinese intellectual and cultural tradition.
On 19 August, Ms Sheila Melvin, writer and consultant of the International Herald Tribune, came to interview Dr César Guillén Nuñez at our Institute. Her purpose was to collect more information about the Matteo Ricci Exhibition and the biography and canonization process of Fr Matteo Ricci. On 27 September, her article was published in the New York Times Arts Section. It was entitled “Missionary to the Forbidden City” and had a brief biography of Ricci followed by a detailed report of the Macau exhibition commemorating the 400th anniversary of his passing.
On 27 August, Ms Zena Li, a reporter from Ming Pao Weekly, together with Ms Gigi Lo from the Macau Museum of Art, coordinator of the interview, visited Fr Wardega. Fr Wardega began with a detailed introduction of Macau Ricci Institute and its history from its establishment, the development, the activities, the publications, the new orientations and achievements, etc. The full report of the interview was published in the 4 September issue of Ming Pao Weekly, Hong Kong edition.
On 16 September, Fr Wardega was invited to join a talk show hosted by Mr José Carlos Matias on the Portuguese channel of the TDM television station to mark the 400th year after Matteo Ricci’s death. Fr Wardega spoke on the ten years’ existence of our Institute in this territory and on the way the MRI is integrated into Macau society as well as as well as existing in a broader Chinese context. The show was first broadcast on 25 September.In the magazine Zycie Duchowe (WAM-Krakow, No. Jesien 64/2010) is a detailed interview with Fr Wardega by the chief editor of the magazine, Fr Józef Augustyn, SJ. The interview revolved around the Polish Jesuits in Chinese history and was conducted during Fr Wardega’s participation in an international conference in Poznan in May 2010.
Repairs to the MRI Building
On 9 August Mr Jacob Cheong and Mr Lei Man Fong from the Department of Cultural Patrimony of the Macau Cultural Institute came to visit our Institute. The purpose of their visit was to make a thorough inspection of our existing premises and analyse what kind of maintenance was needed to preserve the cultural patrimony of Macau.
The novel 笠山農場 Lishan Nongchang, a work by the Taiwanese author Zhong Lihe and translated into French by Fr Artur K. Wardega as La Ferme de la Montagne Li, was recently published by Artois Presses Université, Arras, France.